Jul 11, 2018

The cost of deep sleep: Environmental influences on sleep regulation are greater for diurnal lemurs

American Journal of Physical Anthropology
David R SamsonCharles L Nunn

Abstract

Primates spend almost half their lives asleep, yet we know little about how evolution has shaped variation in the duration or intensity of sleep (i.e., sleep regulation) across primate species. Our objective was to test hypotheses related to how sleeping site security influences sleep intensity in different lemur species. We used actigraphy and infrared videography to generate sleep measures in 100 individuals (males = 51, females = 49) of seven lemur species (genera: Eulemur, Lemur, Propithecus, and Varecia) at the Duke Lemur Center in Durham, NC. We also generated experimental data using sleep deprivation for 16 individuals. This experiment used a pair-wise design for two sets of paired lemurs from each genus, where the experimental pair experienced a sleep deprivation protocol while the control experienced normal sleeping conditions. We calculated a sleep depth composite metric from weighted z scores of three sleep intensity variables. We found that, relative to cathemeral lemurs, diurnal Propithecus was characterized by the deepest sleep and exhibited the most disruptions to normal sleep-wake regulation when sleep deprived. In contrast, Eulemur mongoz was characterized by significantly lighter sleep than Propithecus, and E....Continue Reading

  • References52
  • Citations2

References

  • References52
  • Citations2

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Actigraphy
Lemurs
Family Lemuridae
Sleep, Slow-Wave
Propithecus
Regulation of Circadian Sleep/Wake Cycle, Sleep
Varecia
Sleep Disorders
Site
Primates

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