Apr 9, 1976

The coupling factor of photophosphorylation and the electric properties of the thylakoid membrane

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
R SchmidW Junge


The rate of ATP synthesis of illuminated chloroplasts is correlated with the electric conductance of their inner membranes. In agreement with previous studies it is shown that ATP synthesis is paralleled by an increased conductance of the thylakoid membrane. This conductance together with the ability to form ATP is abolished if chloroplasts are treated with an antibody against the coupling factor CF1. It is not influenced by the fragmented monovalent antibody. This parallels the lack of influence of the fragmented antibody on ATP synthesis in contrast to its influence on hydrolysis and exchange reactions. We conclude that there are different sites for the interaction of the coupling factor with adenine nucleotides. Extraction of the coupling factor is shown to increase the membrane conductance by more than two orders of magnitude. Reincorporation of the crude coupling factor partially restores the net conductance of the membrane (increase in resistance by a factor of 2.5), while a higher degree of restoration was observed for ATP synthesis and the proton conductivity of the membrane. We conclude that the extraction procedure opens different conductive channels in the membrane; a proton specific one, possibly associated with the...Continue Reading

  • References6
  • Citations3

Mentioned in this Paper

Tissue Membrane
Thylakoid Membrane
ATP Synthesis Pathway
Electric Conductivity
Binding Protein
Antigen-Antibody Reactions
ATP Biosynthesis

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.