Apr 9, 1976

The coupling factor of photophosphorylation and the electric properties of the thylakoid membrane

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
R SchmidW Junge

Abstract

The rate of ATP synthesis of illuminated chloroplasts is correlated with the electric conductance of their inner membranes. In agreement with previous studies it is shown that ATP synthesis is paralleled by an increased conductance of the thylakoid membrane. This conductance together with the ability to form ATP is abolished if chloroplasts are treated with an antibody against the coupling factor CF1. It is not influenced by the fragmented monovalent antibody. This parallels the lack of influence of the fragmented antibody on ATP synthesis in contrast to its influence on hydrolysis and exchange reactions. We conclude that there are different sites for the interaction of the coupling factor with adenine nucleotides. Extraction of the coupling factor is shown to increase the membrane conductance by more than two orders of magnitude. Reincorporation of the crude coupling factor partially restores the net conductance of the membrane (increase in resistance by a factor of 2.5), while a higher degree of restoration was observed for ATP synthesis and the proton conductivity of the membrane. We conclude that the extraction procedure opens different conductive channels in the membrane; a proton specific one, possibly associated with the...Continue Reading

  • References6
  • Citations3

Mentioned in this Paper

Photophosphorylation
Tissue Membrane
Thylakoid Membrane
ATP Synthesis Pathway
Darkness
Chloroplasts
Electric Conductivity
Binding Protein
Antigen-Antibody Reactions
ATP Biosynthesis

About this Paper

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