The craniofacial complex in 45,X/46,XX females

Archives of Oral Biology
M GrönL Alvesalo

Abstract

Fourteen Finnish 45,X/46,XX females were compared with population female and male controls, and in addition, nine of them were compared with their first-degree female relatives. Linear and angular measurements were made from standardized lateral cephalograms of patients and normal population controls from the "Kvantti" study series. In both comparisons the results indicated that craniofacial dimensions in 45,X/46,XX females were smaller than those in population female and male controls. The general metric pattern was similar to that observed in relation to the tooth crowns of 45,X/46,XX females. Several of their craniofacial proportions and plane angles differed from those of normal women: shorter anterior and posterior cranial bases and a flatter cranial-base angle, a sagittally shorter maxilla and a sagittally shorter mandible with an enlarged ramus:corpus length ratio, posterior rotation of the mandible and a tendency to bimaxillary retrusion. It is suggested that the reduction of X-chromosomal genetic material in 45,X/46,XX females results in smaller craniofacial dimensions than in normal females, with substantial effects on dimensional ratios and especially plane angles of the cranial base.

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Citations

Sep 25, 2012·Clinical Oral Investigations·Jovana JuloskiMarko Babić
Nov 28, 2009·Archives of Oral Biology·J DumancicH Brkic
Jul 4, 2016·Archives of Oral Biology·Jovana JuloskiMarko Babić
Feb 13, 2020·Diagnostics·Dorota Wójcik, Iwona Beń-Skowronek

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