Nov 11, 2018

The critical role of AMPK in driving Akt activation under stress, tumorigenesis and drug resistance

Nature Communications
Fei HanHui-Kuan Lin

Abstract

PI3K/Akt signaling is activated in cancers and governs tumor initiation and progression, but how Akt is activated under diverse stresses is poorly understood. Here we identify AMPK as an essential regulator for Akt activation by various stresses. Surprisingly, AMPK is also activated by growth factor EGF through Ca2+/Calmodulin-dependent kinase and is essential for EGF-mediated Akt activation and biological functions. AMPK phosphorylates Skp2 at S256 and promotes the integrity and E3 ligase activity of Skp2 SCF complex leading to K63-linked ubiquitination and activation of Akt and subsequent oncogenic processes. Importantly, AMPK-mediated Skp2 S256 phosphorylation promotes breast cancer progression in mouse tumor models, correlates with Akt and AMPK activation in breast cancer patients, and predicts poor survival outcomes. Finally, targeting AMPK-mediated Skp2 S256 phosphorylation sensitizes cells to anti-EGF receptor targeted therapy. Our study sheds light on how stress and EGF induce Akt activation and new mechanisms for AMPK-mediated oncogenesis and drug resistance.

  • References47
  • Citations16

Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Protein Kinase B Binding
SKP2 gene
SCF Ubiquitin Ligase Complex
Phosphoserine
Antibiotic Resistance, Neoplasm
AKT1
Epidermal Growth Factor
RAC-Alpha Serine/Threonine Kinase
Calcium

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