The Current and Future State of Vaccines, Antivirals and Gene Therapies Against Emerging Coronaviruses

Frontiers in Microbiology
Longping V TseRalph S Baric

Abstract

Emerging coronaviruses (CoV) are constant global public health threats to society. Multiple ongoing clinical trials for vaccines and antivirals against CoVs showcase the availability of medical interventions to both prevent and treat the future emergence of highly pathogenic CoVs in human. However, given the diverse nature of CoVs and our close interactions with wild, domestic and companion animals, the next epidemic zoonotic CoV could resist the existing vaccines and antivirals developed, which are primarily focused on Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS CoV). In late 2019, the novel CoV (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in Wuhan, China, causing global public health concern. In this review, we will summarize the key advancements of current vaccines and antivirals against SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV as well as discuss the challenge and opportunity in the current SARS-CoV-2 crisis. At the end, we advocate the development of a "plug-and-play" platform technologies that could allow quick manufacturing and administration of broad-spectrum countermeasures in an outbreak setting. We will discuss the potential of AAV-based gene therapy technology for in vivo therapeutic antibody...Continue Reading

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
transgenic
phage display

Clinical Trials Mentioned

NCT00099463
NCT03721718
NCT03399578
NCT03615911
NCT02845843
NCT02190799
NCT03301090
NCT04283461
NCT04252664
NCT04257656

Software Mentioned

Geneious
Adobe Illustrator
Geneious Prime
Moderna
Spike

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