PMID: 9608674Jun 3, 1998Paper

The decrease of liver LDL receptor mRNA during fasting is related to the decrease in serum T3

The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
A M van der WalW M Wiersinga


Fasting is associated with a reduction in serum T3 and T4 and a rise of plasma LDL cholesterol. We hypothesized that an hypothyroid-like condition induced by fasting is responsible for the rise in LDL cholesterol. We therefore examined the relation between changes in thyroid hormone and cholesterol metabolism in rats fasted for 0, 8, 12, 24 or 48 h. Fasting resulted in a decrease of liver 5'-deiodinase mRNA from 8 h (to 50%, p < 0.05, n = 6), of serum T3 from 12 h and of serum T4 at 48 h; serum TSH remained unchanged. Furthermore, plasma LDL cholesterol increased from 24 h onwards preceded by a decrease of liver LDL receptor mRNA which in turn is related to serum T3 (r = 0.55, p < 0.05, n = 19). Adding T3 at a concentration such that normal T3 levels are maintained during 48 h fasting, prevents the decrease in the LDL receptor mRNA. Fasting did not change hepatic HMG CoA reductase mRNA but decreased cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase mRNA, which however was not related to the decrease of serum T3. (1) Fasting induces a hypothyroid-like condition in which inhibition of hepatic conversion of T4 into T3 may be responsible for the decrease of serum T3. (2) Fasting induces an increase of plasma LDL cholesterol, apparently caused by a d...Continue Reading


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