May 10, 2000

The dependence of p53 on the radiation enhancement of thermosensitivity at different let

International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
A TakahashiT Ohnishi


The aim of this study is to investigate the dependence of p53-gene status on the radiation enhancement of thermosensitivity at different levels of linear energy transfer (LET). We used two kinds of human glioblastoma transfectants of A-172 cells bearing the wild-type p53 gene, A-172/neo cells with control vector containing the neo gene and A-172/mp53 cells with both the dominant negative mutated p53 gene and neo gene. We exposed these cells to X-rays and accelerated carbon-ion (C-) beams (13-200 KeV/microm) followed by heating at 44 degrees C. Cellular sensitivities were determined using clonogenic assay. The radiation enhancement of thermosensitivity was LET-dependent for the A-172/neo cells, but this was not clearly demonstrated in the A-172/mp53 cells. The supraadditive radiation enhancement of thermosensitivity was observed in A-172/neo cells at the LET range of 13 to 70 KeV/microm, though only an additive effect was observed at higher LET. In A-172/mp53 cells, only an additive effect was observed through all the LET examined. These results indicate that the radiation enhancement of thermosensitivity is p53- and LET-dependent. Our results suggest that the combined use of high-LET radiation and hyperthermia brings useful app...Continue Reading

  • References19
  • Citations11


  • References19
  • Citations11


Mentioned in this Paper

TP53 gene
Glioblastoma Multiforme
Dominant-Negative Mutation
Energy Transfer
Linear Energy Transfer
Plain X-ray
TP53 wt Allele
Combined Modality Therapy

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