The Development of a Novel Nanobody Therapeutic for SARS-CoV-2

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
G. YeFang Li

Abstract

Combating the COVID-19 pandemic requires potent and low-cost therapeutics. We identified a novel series of single-domain antibodies (i.e., nanobody), Nanosota-1, from a camelid nanobody phage display library. Structural data showed that Nanosota-1 bound to the oft-hidden receptor-binding domain (RBD) of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, blocking out viral receptor ACE2. The lead drug possessing an Fc tag (Nanosota-1C-Fc) bound to SARS-CoV-2 RBD with a Kd of 15.7picomolar (~3000 times more tightly than ACE2 did) and inhibited SARS-CoV-2 infection with an ND50 of 0.16microgram/milliliter (~6000 times more potently than ACE2 did). Administered at a single dose, Nanosota-1C-Fc demonstrated preventive and therapeutic efficacy in hamsters subjected to SARS-CoV-2 infection. Unlike conventional antibody drugs, Nanosota-1C-Fc was produced at high yields in bacteria and had exceptional thermostability. Pharmacokinetic analysis of Nanosota-1C-Fc documented a greater than 10-day in vivo half-life efficacy and high tissue bioavailability. Nanosota-1C-Fc is a potentially effective and realistic solution to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods Mentioned

BETA
phage display
surface plasmon resonance
pull-down
pull down
gel filtration
ELISA

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

Related Papers

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Gang YeFang Li
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
Shan Gao, Leiliang Zhang
BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
J. L. GanVaughn V. Smider
BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Jessie Low-GanVaughn Smider
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved