Feb 1, 1976

The disulfide bridges of the trypsin-kallikrein inhibitor K from snails (Helix pomatia). Thermal inactivation and proteolysis by thermolysin (author's transl)

Hoppe-Seyler's Zeitschrift für physiologische Chemie
T Dietl, H Tschesche

Abstract

Isoinhibitor K is the main component of the complex mixture of isoinhibitors of broad specificity secreted into the mucus by the Roman snail (Helix pomatia). The disulfide pairing was determined after the amino acid sequence had been elucidated. Two cystine-containing peptides with the disulfide bridges Cys32-Cys53 and Cys32-Cys53 plus Cys7-Cys57 were obtained after thermolytic hydrolysis of the native inhibitor at 80 degrees C and chromatographic separation of the peptides using SE-Sephadex. The Cys16-Cys40 disulfide bridge could be reduced selectively by sodium borohydride with no loss in biological activity. This property and the covalent structure correspond to that of the intracellular inhibitor from bovine organs, which is largely homologous in its amino acid sequence to the secretory inhibitor from the snail. The complete covalent structure of isoinhibitor K will be presented. The snail inhibitor is less stable against proteolytic inactivation by thermolysin and against thermal denaturation at pH 8.0 than the inhibitor from bovine organs (Kunitz inhibitor).

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Mentioned in this Paper

Helix (Snails)
Zymofren
Peptide Fragments
Bos indicus
Thermolysin
Copper Cystinate
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Disulfides

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