DOI: 10.1101/493197Dec 11, 2018Paper

The Dot/Icm-translocated effector LegC4 potentiates cytokine-mediated restriction of Legionella within accidental hosts.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Tshegofatso NgwagaStephanie R Shames

Abstract

Legionella pneumophila is ubiquitous in freshwater environments where it replicates within unicellular protozoa. However, L. pneumophila is also an accidental human pathogen that can cause Legionnaires’ Disease in immunocompromised individuals by uncontrolled replication within alveolar macrophages. To replicate within eukaryotic phagocytes, L. pneumophila utilizes a Dot/Icm type IV secretion system to translocate a large arsenal of over 300 effector proteins directly into host cells. In mammals, translocated effectors contribute to innate immune restriction of L. pneumophila . We found previously that the effector LegC4 is important for L. pneumophila replication within a natural host protist but is deleterious to replication in a mouse model of Legionnaires’ Disease. In the present study, we used cultured mouse primary macrophages to investigate how LegC4 attenuates L. pneumophila replication. We found that LegC4 enhanced restriction of L. pneumophila replication within macrophages activated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) or interferon (IFN)-γ. Specifically, TNF-mediated signaling was required for LegC4-mediated attenuation of L. pneumophila replication within macrophages. In addition, expression of legC4 was sufficient to ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Environment
Lactobacillus
Legionella
Legionella pneumophila
Macrophage
Laboratory mice
Phagocytes
Protozoa
Virus Replication
Cytokine

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