The dual probiotic and antibiotic nature of Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus

BMB Reports
Mohammed DwidarRobert J Mitchell

Abstract

Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus is a predatory bacterium which attacks and consumes other bacterial strains, including the well known pathogens E. coli O157 : H7, Salmonella typhimurium and Helicobacter pylori. This remarkable activity has been the focus of research for nearly five decades, with exciting practical applications to medical, agriculture and farming practices recently being published. This article reviews many of the exciting steps research into this bacterium, and similar bacteria, has taken, focusing primarily on their use as both an antibiotic to remove harmful and pathogenic bacteria and as a probiotic to help curb and control the bacterial populations within the intestinal tract. Owing to the unique and dual nature of this bacterium, this review proposes the use of "amphibiotic" to describe these bacteria and their activities.

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Related Concepts

Interference, Bacterial
Bdellovibrio
Probiotics
Antibiotics
Escherichia coli
Intestines
Research
Salmonella typhimurium
Helicobacter pylori
Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus

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