Oct 24, 2018

The dynamic and structural properties of axonemal tubulins support the high length stability of cilia

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Ron Orbach, Jonthon Howard

Abstract

Cilia and flagella, which play essential roles in cell motility, sensing and development, contain at their core a microtubule-based structure called axoneme. The axoneme, which contains nine doublet and two central microtubules, is highly stable and its length is precisely-controlled. We have asked whether the axonemal tubulins contribute to this length stability. Towards this end, we used a novel procedure to differentially extract the tubulins from the different axoneme components, and characterized their dynamic properties and post-translational modifications (PTMs). We found that their dynamic properties are consistent with the greater stability of axonemes. Despite the differences in PTMs between the axonemal components, we found no significant differences in their dynamic properties. Unexpectedly, the reconstituted ciliary microtubules exhibit curved protofilaments at their growing tip, that may correspond to the fluctuating GTP-cap hypothesized to exist. Thus, our study provides new insights into the growth, stability and the role of PTMs of ciliary tubulin.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Cell Motility
Post-Translational Protein Processing
Axonemal Dyneins
Ciliary Body
PTMS gene
Eyelash
Cilia
Microtubules
Structure

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