DOI: 10.1101/505081Dec 25, 2018Paper

The ecnA antitoxin is not only important for human pathogens: Evidences of its role in the plant pathogen Xathomonas citri subsp. citri

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Laís Moreira GranatoAlessandra A de Souza

Abstract

Xathomonas citri subsp. citri causes citrus canker disease worldwide in most commercial varieties of citrus. Its transmission occurs mainly through wind-driven rain. Once on the leaf X. citri can epiphytically survive forming biofilm, which enhances persistence of the bacteria to different environmental stresses and play an important role in the early stages of host infection. Therefore, the study of genes involved in biofilm formation has been an important step towards the understanding of the bacterial strategy to survive and infect the plant host. In this work we show that ecnAB a Toxin-Antitoxin (TA) system, previously identified only in human bacterial pathogen, is conserved in many Xanthomonas spp. In general TA systems consist of a pair of genes in operon that encodes a stable toxin and an unstable antitoxin that, under normal conditions, binds to the toxin and blocks its activity. On the other hand, under stress the antitoxin is degraded, allowing the toxin to act decreasing cell growth and metabolism. When normal growth conditions are re-established, the antitoxin is produced, blocking the toxin and allowing the cells to grow. Thus, this mechanism represents an important bacterial strategy of survival under stress cond...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Antitoxins
Cell Growth
Cell Motility
Citrus plant
Environment
Genes
Metabolism
Operon
Polysaccharides
Toxin

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

Biofilm & Infectious Disease

Biofilm formation is a key virulence factor for a wide range of microorganisms that cause chronic infections.Here is the latest research on biofilm and infectious diseases.

Biofilms

Biofilms are adherent bacterial communities embedded in a polymer matrix and can cause persistent human infections that are highly resistant to antibiotics. Discover the latest research on Biofilms here.