Jan 1, 1977

The effect of 1-alpha-hydroxycholecalciferol on the renal handling of phosphate in parathyroidectomized man

Acta Medica Scandinavica
S MadsenJ H Thaysen

Abstract

In a previous investigation by our group it was suggested that the stimulating effect of 1-alpha-hydroxycholecalciferol (1-alpha-OH-D3) on the tubular reabsorption of phosphate is mediated via the parallel suppression of the parathyroid hormone (PTH). A direct effect of 1-alpha-OH-D3 on the renal tubule could however not be completely excluded. Therefore, the effect of 1-alpha-OH-D3 was studied in 5 totally parathyroidectomized patients, in whom concomitant suppression of PTH would not occur. TmP/GFR, i.e. the ratio between the maximal tubular reabsorption of phosphate (TmP) and the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), was used as an indicator of the renal handling of phosphate. Estimation of TmP/GFR was performed 1) when the patients were vitamin D depleted and hypocalcemic, and 2) after 14-27 days of treatment with 1-alpha-OH-D3 to obtain stable normocalcemia. In patients with absent parathyroid function, no effect of 1-alpha-OH-D3 on TmP/GFR could be demonstrated. It is therefore concluded that 1-alpha-OH-D3 exhbits no antiphosphaturic effect in the absence of PTH and that the previously demonstrated antiphosphaturic effect of 1-alpha-OH-D3 in man is mediated via a concomitant suppression of PTH.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Parathyroid Hormone Peptide (1-34)
Vitamin D-Dependent Rickets, Type 2A
Renal Tubule Structure
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Absence Epilepsy
Orthophosphate
Hydroxycholecalciferols

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