The effect of 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (paf-acether) on the arterial wall

Prostaglandins
R BourgainM Braquet

Abstract

The effect of a topical paf-acether superfusion over an injured arterial segment was assessed in the guinea-pig, using an opto-electronic in vivo thrombosis model allowing on-line quantification of small platelet thrombus dynamics. As compared to control, ADP-induced, thromboformation and behaviour, exogenous paf-acether causes a large, dense platelet thrombus, invaded and surrounded by numerous leukocytes, spreading widely over the adjoining, vacuolized, endothelium. Its embolization has to be forced with prostanoids, mepacrine, EDTA, or with a specific paf-acether antagonist (BN 52021). A few minutes after such forced embolization, a new thrombus starts growing at the same site, without renewal of the paf-acether superfusion. This phenomenon of spontaneous reappearance after forced embolization can be followed during several hours. Experiments with labelled paf-acether and the paf-acether antagonist indicate a possible endogenous paf-acether (or paf-acether-like) production triggered by superfusion with exogenous paf-acether.

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