Feb 25, 1977

The effect of a single dose of reserpine administered prior to incubation on the development of tyrosine hydroxylase activity in chick sympathetic ganglia

Brain Research
K FairmanL Yurkewicz


A single dose of reserpine administered into the yolk sac of chicken eggs prior to incubation produces two distinct periods of significant increase in tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activity over controls. The first period is 21 days of incubation (55%) and the second is between day 14 and 30 after hatching (a.h.) (69%). Cholineacetyltransferase (ChAc) and dopadecarboxylase (DDC) are not modified in the two periods of increased TH activity. Reserpine had no effect on cholinergic parasympathetic synapses and neurons in the ciliary ganglion, as judged by ChAc activity. When reserpine was acutely administered in three different posthatching periods only the injection at the latest period (days 26 and 27) caused a significant (38%) increase in TH activity at day 30. Postsynaptic nicotinic receptors were blocked selectively by injecting chlorisondamine in the chick starting at hatching for one week. The administration of chlorisondamine almost completely abolished the reserpine induced increase of TH activity at day 15 a.h. The present results support the view that the development of enzyme activities specifically related to neurotransmitter biosynthesis in chick autonomic ganglia is regulated not only by transsynaptic influences but als...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Chick Embryo
Choline O-Acetyltransferase
DOPA decarboxylase
Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase
Autonomic Ganglion

About this Paper

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