PMID: 7091908Jul 1, 1982Paper

The effect of aminophylline on inspiratory muscle contractility

The American Review of Respiratory Disease
S SigristC Roussos


The effects of aminophylline on diaphragmatic muscle contractility were studied in 8 dogs. The relationships of the electromyographic signal from the diaphragm and the pressures developed by this muscle were compared before and after the administration of aminophylline in doses of 6, 20, 40, 80, and 120 mg/kg. Measurements were made during occluded inspiratory efforts at functional residual capacity. In a second group of 4 dogs the relationships were compared while the rib cage expansion was limited by a plaster cast. Finally, in a third group of 4 dogs after the diaphragm had been paralyzed by phrenicotomy, the relationship of pleural pressure to the electromyographic signal of the intercostal muscles was assessed before and after administration of aminophylline. In all cases, aminophylline progressively shifted the electromyographic pressure relationship up and to the left. This effect became significant (p less than 0.01) at a dose of 20 mg/kg, reached a peak at 80 mg/kg, and then declined at a dose of 120 mg/kg. The amount producing blood concentrations closest to the human therapeutic blood concentration was 20 mg/kg. The peak increase in pressure compared with the control values were 58% in the first group, 27% in the sec...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Respiratory Diaphragm
Canis familiaris
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Surface Electromyography
Structure of Intercostal Muscle
Structure of Phrenic Nerve

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