Apr 1, 1976

The effect of bilateral lesions of the ventral noradrenergic bundle on endocrine-induced changes of tyrosine hydroxylase in the rat median eminence

Endocrinology
J S KizerD M Jacobowitz

Abstract

With the microdissection method of Palkovits, individual hypothalamic nuclei were removed from the brains of adult male rats, and the tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activity of each nucleus was determined 7 days after gonadectomy or thyroidectomy. Following gonadectomy, TH activity increased significantly in the median eminence with no change in the periventricular (NPV), arcuate (NARC), and dorsomedial nuclei (NDM), or medial forebrain bundle (MF). Following thyroidectomy, TH activity increased significantly in all 5 hypothalamic nuclei examined. Placement of bilateral lesions in the ventral norepinephrine bundles resulted in a greater than an 85% fall in the dopamine-beta-hydroxylase activity of the median eminence, arcuate nucleus, and ventromedial nucleus, but had no effect on tyrosine hydroxylase activity measured in those same areas. Furthermore, placement of such lesions had no effect on the endocrine-induced increases of TH activity found in the median eminence following gonadectomy and thyroidectomy, but did prevent the increase of TH activity found in the NPV, NDM, and MFB following thyroidectomy. Three conclusions appear to be justified: (a) noradrenergic axons which innervate the median eminence, arcuate, and ventromedia...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Thyroidectomy
Structure of Medulla Oblongata Arcuate Nucleus
Neurons
Brain
Organum Vasculosum Laminae Terminalis
Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System
Norepinephrine, (+, -)-Isomer
Cell Nucleus
Structure of Median Forebrain Bundle
Noradrenergic Neurons

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