Sep 13, 2006

The effect of bovine serum albumin on the membrane potential and reactive oxygen species generation in succinate-supported isolated brain mitochondria

Neurochemistry International
László TretterVera Adam-Vizi

Abstract

Characteristics of the succinate-supported H(2)O(2) formation were compared in mitochondria prepared from guinea-pig brain either by Percoll gradient centrifugation or using digitonin. The high rate of H(2)O(2) generation measured in mitochondria prepared with digitonin (600.6+/-26.8pmol/min/mg protein) was inhibited by rotenone, consistently with a reverse flow of electrons via complex I. The rate of H(2)O(2) formation was significantly smaller in Percoll-purified mitochondria (252.6+/-17.3pmol/min/mg protein) and this was stimulated by rotenone. Since bovine serum albumin (BSA) is usually present in the isolation medium used in the digitonin method, systematic study was performed addressing the effect of BSA on H(2)O(2) formation. Mitochondria prepared by the digitonin method (BSA present in the isolation medium) were highly polarized (185+/-3.2mV) and addition of BSA (0.025%) to the assay medium increased H(2)O(2) generation by only 50%. In Percoll-purified mitochondria DeltaPsim was more depolarized (171+/-2mV) and BSA caused hyperpolarization by 10.7+/-1.9mV. H(2)O(2) formation, which was largely independent of DeltaPsim, was stimulated by 400%, became highly dependent on DeltaPsim and could be inhibited by rotenone in the...Continue Reading

  • References24
  • Citations31

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Carbonyl Cyanide p-Trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone
SLC25A14 gene
Pellet Formation
Cavia
Resting Potentials
Rotenone
Brain
Digitonin
Electron Transport
Succinates

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