May 1, 1976

The effect of cholinesterase inhibitors on the antimuscarinic effect of hemicholinium-3 (HC-3) in the rat

The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
S E Hecker, F Mitchelson

Abstract

The effect of hemicholinium-3 (HC-3) on responses of the rat isolated bladder and ileum to acetylcholine and carbachol was investigated in the absence and presence of a number of anticholinesterases. Responses of the bladder to acetylcholine were potentiated by DFP, edrophonium, BW284C51 and physostigmine but were unaffected by the specific butyrylcholinesterase inhibitor iso-OMPA. Responses to carbachol were not potentiated by the anticholinesterases. HC-3 (1.7 X 10(-4) M) inhibited responses to carbachol without affecting those to acetylcholine. In the presence of physostigmine or DFP responses to acetylcholine were inhibited by HC-3 but no such inhibition was observed in the presence of BW284C51, edrophonium or iso-OMPA or a combination of the latter two anticholinesterases. Responses to carbachol were also inhibited to a greater extent in the presence of DFP. In the ileum, responses to acetylcholine were increased in the presence of DFP, edrophonium and physostigmine but were unaffected by iso-Ompa. responses to carbachol were not increased by any of the anticholinesterases. HC-3 (2.8 X 10(-4) M) inhibited responses to both acetylcholine and carbachol in the ileum and the degree of inhibition was not significantly altered b...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Tensilon
Tetraisopropylpyrophosphamide
Neoplasm of Uncertain or Unknown Behavior of Bladder
Carboptic
Floropryl
Ileum
BW 284 C 51
Cholinesterase Inhibitors, Reversible
Carcinoma in Situ of Bladder
Cholinergic Receptors

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