Jan 1, 1986

The effect of chronic and acute dietary restriction on the growth and protein turnover of fast and slow types of rat skeletal muscle

Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. A, Comparative Physiology
A J el HajA M Holehan

Abstract

Changes in the growth and protein turnover of the anterior tibialis and soleus muscles were studied in response to acute and chronic dietary restriction (50% of ad libitum intake) between 3 and 149 weeks post partum. The effect of long-term dietary restriction from weaning to senescence was to retard the growth and normal developmental of the two types of skeletal muscle. This was evident from measurements of various parameters of growth, i.e. total protein, RNA and DNA and protein/DNA-P, which were reduced by approximately 50% when compared with age-matched controls. These decreases, however, were not accompanied by a decline in the fractional rate of synthesis (%/day) or ribosomal activity (mg protein/day per mg RNAP). The slowing down of the age-related decline in muscle growth has been attributed to a reduction in RNA capacity (RNA/protein), with similar responses in the fast- and slow-twitch skeletal muscles. The initial effects of piecemeal feeding of this restricted diet on the two types of muscle were also monitored. Short term starvation effects, i.e. 24 hr after feeding a reduced ration, were measured on the protein content and RNA/protein of both the anterior tibialis and soleus muscles; both parameters were unchange...Continue Reading

  • References9
  • Citations34

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Myogenesis
Energy Intake
Protein Degradation, Metabolic
Senility
Soleus Muscle Structure
Rat Skeletal Muscle
Senescence Function
Ribosomes
Muscle
Muscle Twitch

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