The effect of event repetition on the production of story grammar in children's event narratives

Child Abuse & Neglect
Brooke B FeltisKim P Roberts


This study examined the effect of event repetition on the amount and nature of story-grammar produced by children when recalling the event. Children aged 4 years (N=50) and 7 years (N=56) participated in either 1 or 6 occurrences of a highly similar event where details varied across the occurrences. Half the children in each age and event group recalled the last/single occurrence 5-6 days later and the other half recalled the last/single occurrence after 5-6 weeks (the final and single occurrence was the same). Children's free recall responses were classified according to the number and proportion of story-grammar elements (Stein & Glenn, 1979-setting, initiating event, internal response, plan, attempt, direct consequence, and resolution) as well as the prevalence of causal links between the individual story-grammar elements. More story-grammar detail and more links between individual story-grammar elements were reported about the final compared to single occurrence. The amount of story-grammar increased with age and decreased over time. Further, an interaction was revealed such that the effect of retention interval on the production of story-grammar was negligible for older children who experienced the repeated event. Event re...Continue Reading



Apr 1, 1995·Journal of Speech and Hearing Research·B Z LilesS L Purcell
Feb 11, 2004·The Journal of Applied Psychology·Kathy PezdekLaura Brodie
Nov 2, 2006·Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research : JSLHR·Robyn M Newman, Karla K McGregor

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