PMID: 3140799Aug 15, 1988

The effect of glycerol on the activity of beta-glucosidase from Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat

The Biochemical Journal
G M Umezurike

Abstract

1. In the activity of the high-Mr beta-glucosidase A (beta-D-glucoside glucohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.21) obtained from culture filtrates of Botryodiplodia theobromae Pat. on o-nitrophenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside as substrate, both Vmax. and Km increased non-linearly with increasing concentration of glycerol, and the Vmax./Km(app.) ratio decreased non-linearly with increasing concentration of glycerol. 2. No increase in rate was observed with phenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside as substrate in the presence of up to 250 mM-glycerol, indicating that glucosylation is rate-limiting with this substrate. 3. With o-nitrophenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside, p-nitrophenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside and phenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside as substrates, kappa cat. values of 793.7 s-1, 62.8 s-1 and 5.4 s-1 respectively were calculated. 4. With o-nitrophenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside and phenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside as substrate, alpha-deuterium kinetic isotope effects of 1.9 +/- 0.03 and 1.01 +/- 0.01 respectively were found; in the presence of 200 mM-glycerol the values were 1.21 +/- 0.03 and 1.02 +/- 0.01 respectively. 5. In the presence of a large excess of o-nitrophenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside [( S] = 35.7 Km), the amount of o-nitrophenol and also of the transglucos...Continue Reading

Citations

Oct 20, 1992·Biochemistry·J B Kempton, Stephen G Withers
Feb 1, 2005·Carbohydrate Research·David J Vocadlo, Stephen G Withers

Related Concepts

2-nitrophenol, sodium salt
Emulsion beta-D-Glucosidase
Deuterons
Hyphomycetes
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Glucosidase
Glycerin
Hydrolysis
Nitrophenols

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.