PMID: 7932682Jun 1, 1994Paper

The effect of instructions on cognitive strategies and performance in biofeedback

Journal of Behavioral Medicine
S W Utz

Abstract

An experimental study was conducted in which 40 subjects, randomly assigned to four groups, were given differing instructions about using auditory biofeedback to lower forehead muscle tension. During each of three sessions, measures were taken of forehead electromyograph (EMG) and ability to discriminate and control muscle tension in order to measure learning during biofeedback. Cognitive strategies used by subjects were measured by taped verbal reports which were judged using four criteria based on two models of learning in biofeedback: "feedforward" and "feedback." Data were analyzed by chi-square, ANOVA, ANCOVA, and content analysis. Results indicate that subjects used predominantly a feedforward type of learning strategy in all four groups. Implications for teaching during biofeedback are discussed.

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Citations

Jun 1, 1986·Biofeedback and Self-regulation·T G DunnS W Utz
May 10, 2006·Cognitive Processing·Demis Basso, Marta Olivetti Belardinelli
Dec 12, 2012·The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience·Frank ScharnowskiGeraint Rees
Apr 23, 2004·Pain Medicine : the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine·J SchemanK Green
Sep 4, 2015·The Journal of Nursing Education·Paul RatanasiripongDuangrat Kathalae
Mar 7, 2015·Prevention Science : the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research·Colleen S ConleyAlexandra C Kirsch
Mar 23, 2015·Biological Psychology·Frank ScharnowskiNikolaus Weiskopf
Dec 23, 2016·Nature Reviews. Neuroscience·Ranganatha SitaramJames Sulzer
Jan 30, 2016·Journal of Attention Disorders·Ashley F McDermottEric Gordon

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