PMID: 8179143Apr 1, 1994Paper

The effect of insufflation leaks in long-term ventilation. Waking and sleeping transcutaneous gas tensions in ventilator-dependent patients with an uncuffed tracheostomy tube

J W Watt, M H Fraser


Transcutaneous blood gases were recorded for 60 min when awake and asleep in 10 ventilator-dependent patients with high tetraplegia who used a pressure-limited ventilator and uncuffed tracheostomy tube. The mean arterial oxygen tension awake was 16.0 kPa compared with 15.2 kPa when asleep; the mean arterial carbon dioxide tension awake was 3.2 kPa, compared with 3.9 kPa when asleep. The oxygen tensions in each patient during the awake and sleep states were not significantly different between the two states, but during sleep the carbon dioxide tension was significantly greater.


Oct 1, 1989·Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation·H H SteenfosP D Wimberley
Dec 19, 1987·British Medical Journal·S Dogra, J F Nunn
Nov 1, 1984·Canadian Anaesthetists' Society Journal·K K Tremper
Jan 1, 1984·Canadian Anaesthetists' Society Journal·J T BrownE R Kafer
Jan 1, 1983·The American Review of Respiratory Disease·R HillN S Arora
Mar 10, 1956·Journal of the American Medical Association·E T MORCHG GISH

Related Concepts

Transcutaneous Partial Pressure of Carbon Dioxide Result
Long-term Care
Paralysis, Spinal, Quadriplegic
Mechanical Ventilation
Sleep, Slow-Wave
Tracheostomy Procedure

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