PMID: 7940009May 1, 1994Paper

The effect of ivermectin on the transmission of Onchocerca volvulus in southern Mexico

Salud pública de México
Mario A Rodríguez-Pérez, F Reyes-Villanueva

Abstract

We assessed the transmission potential and the mean infected and infective biting density of S. ochraceum in an onchocerciasis endemic community in the southern Mexican state of Chiapas. In addition, the impact of first treatment of ivermectin during the peak of natural infection of host-seeking S. ochraceum populations was also evaluated. Monthly entomological sampling was carried out during the year before treatment to assess the seasonal biting behavior of parous host-seeking S. ochraceum females, and either infected (with whatever stage of O. volvulus) or infective females (with only third larval stage of O. volvulus). The mean of infective biting density was unimodal with the peak in February. Higher densities of infective females were detected from January to March. Annual infective biting density estimated was 95.2 and the annual transmission potential of 152.3. After treatment with ivermectin, entomological collections were carried out during the December-April period. In these months, the first ivermectin mass treatment produced a reduction of natural infection rates of 55 per cent in the mean infected females density (p < 0.001) and of 30 per cent in the transmission potential. However, significative differences were ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Anthelmintics

Anthelmintics or antihelminthics are a group of antiparasitic drugs that expel parasitic worms (helminths) and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the host. Discover the latest research on anthelmintics here.

Anthelmintics (ASM)

Anthelmintics or antihelminthics are a group of antiparasitic drugs that expel parasitic worms (helminths) and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the host. Discover the latest research on anthelmintics here.

Related Papers

Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
D C ChavasseJ B Davies
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
C H PorterA D Brandling-Bennett
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved