The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: A meta-analytic review

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Stefan G HofmannDiana Oh

Abstract

Although mindfulness-based therapy has become a popular treatment, little is known about its efficacy. Therefore, our objective was to conduct an effect size analysis of this popular intervention for anxiety and mood symptoms in clinical samples. We conducted a literature search using PubMed, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, and manual searches. Our meta-analysis was based on 39 studies totaling 1,140 participants receiving mindfulness-based therapy for a range of conditions, including cancer, generalized anxiety disorder, depression, and other psychiatric or medical conditions. Effect size estimates suggest that mindfulness-based therapy was moderately effective for improving anxiety (Hedges's g = 0.63) and mood symptoms (Hedges's g = 0.59) from pre- to posttreatment in the overall sample. In patients with anxiety and mood disorders, this intervention was associated with effect sizes (Hedges's g) of 0.97 and 0.95 for improving anxiety and mood symptoms, respectively. These effect sizes were robust, were unrelated to publication year or number of treatment sessions, and were maintained over follow-up. These results suggest that mindfulness-based therapy is a promising intervention for treating anxiety and mood problems in clinic...Continue Reading

References

Jul 1, 1991·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·S Nolen-Hoeksema, J Morrow
Jan 1, 1990·Behaviour Research and Therapy·T J MeyerT D Borkovec
Jun 1, 1983·Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica·A S Zigmond, R P Snaith
Feb 1, 1996·Controlled Clinical Trials·A R JadadH J McQuay
Feb 1, 1996·The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry·P Boyce, C Mason
Jul 22, 1998·Behaviour Research and Therapy·R P Mattick, J C Clarke
Apr 25, 2000·Psychological Reports·N SchmitzG H Franke
Apr 18, 2001·Supportive Care in Cancer : Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer·L E CarlsonM Speca
Mar 1, 2002·Statistics in Medicine·Lincoln E MosesJohn H Buehler
Jan 1, 1959·The British Journal of Medical Psychology·M HAMILTON
Jun 1, 1961·Archives of General Psychiatry·A T BECKJ ERBAUGH
Feb 1, 1960·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·M HAMILTON
Oct 30, 2003·Behaviour Research and Therapy·Marisol J VonckenKlaas de Vries
Jul 17, 2004·Journal of Psychosomatic Research·Paul GrossmanHarald Walach
Dec 8, 2004·Archives of General Psychiatry·Falk LeichsenringEric Leibing
Oct 1, 2005·Journal of Advanced Nursing·Joanna E SmithKaren Pilkington
Oct 4, 2005·Clinical Psychology Review·Andrew C ButlerAaron T Beck
Nov 3, 2005·International Journal of Behavioral Medicine·Linda E Carlson, Sheila N Garland
Nov 23, 2005·Behaviour Research and Therapy·Steven C HayesJason Lillis
Apr 20, 2006·The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry·Nicholas B AllenUNKNOWN Melbourne Academic Mindfulness Interest Group
May 11, 2006·Integrative Cancer Therapies·Mary Jane OttSusan M Bauer-Wu
Jun 27, 2006·Behaviour Research and Therapy·M A Kenny, J M G Williams
May 25, 2007·The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences·Ian Y LeongStephen J Gibson
May 31, 2007·Psychology and Psychotherapy·Tara KingstonKevin Malone
Jul 6, 2007·Supportive Care in Cancer : Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer·Sheila N GarlandMichael Speca
Sep 4, 2007·Journal of Anxiety Disorders·Susan EvansDean Haglin
Oct 2, 2007·Clinical Psychology Review·Stefan G Hofmann, Gordon J G Asmundson
Oct 2, 2007·Arthritis and Rheumatism·Elizabeth K PradhanBrian M Berman
Nov 17, 2007·Explore : the Journal of Science and Healing·Nicole Y WinbushMary Jo Kreitzer
Nov 21, 2007·Journal of Attention Disorders·Lidia ZylowskaSusan L Smalley
Feb 5, 2008·Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice·Patricia L Dobkin
Feb 6, 2008·Archives of General Psychiatry·Winfried Rief, Stefan G Hofmann
Feb 9, 2008·Behaviour Research and Therapy·Lars-Göran Ost
Apr 5, 2008·Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners·Sharon Praissman
Jul 9, 2008·Holistic Nursing Practice·M Elizabeth Teixeira

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Nov 5, 2011·Der Nervenarzt·E Schramm, M Berger
Oct 17, 2012·Der Nervenarzt·M Bohus
Oct 1, 2013·Breast Cancer Research and Treatment·Lærke Toftegård AndersenIsmail Gögenur
Oct 12, 2012·Community Mental Health Journal·Emily M Johnson, Meredith E Coles
Mar 2, 2011·Journal of Behavioral Medicine·Jeffrey M GreesonRuth Quillian Wolever
Aug 25, 2012·Journal of Genetic Counseling·Robert M Hodapp, Elisabeth M Dykens
Mar 30, 2013·Quality of Life Research : an International Journal of Quality of Life Aspects of Treatment, Care and Rehabilitation·Taehwan ParkCynthia R Gross
Jun 22, 2012·Current Pain and Headache Reports·Elisa H KozasaMario P Peres
Jul 17, 2012·Clinical Psychology Review·Angus MacBeth, Andrew Gumley
Jun 12, 2013·Journal of Anxiety Disorders·Dina GordonAmid I Ismail
May 15, 2012·Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy·Ross G WhiteGordon Mitchell
Jun 5, 2012·The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis·Steven Jay LynnColleen Cleere
Mar 16, 2013·The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis·Assen Alladin
Jun 13, 2012·Journal of American College Health : J of ACH·Megan J MurphyChristine A Gidycz
Jun 19, 2013·Journal of American College Health : J of ACH·Colleen S ConleyDaniel A Dickson
Aug 13, 2013·Journal of American College Health : J of ACH·Dessa Bergen-CicoSanghyeon Cheon
Aug 10, 2012·Behavioral Medicine·Anne MoyerStefan Schneider
Oct 11, 2012·Psychotherapy Research : Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research·A C Del ReWilliam T Hoyt
Jan 3, 2013·Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions·Eric L GarlandMatthew O Howard
Jan 12, 2012·Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology : the Official Journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53·Paul E JoseJason S Spendelow
Jul 11, 2012·Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology : the Official Journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53·Jeffrey A CieslaJohn A Updegraff
Jul 21, 2011·Cognitive Behaviour Therapy·Stephanie J CzechSusan M Orsillo
Sep 21, 2012·Cognitive Behaviour Therapy·Claudia BergomiMatthias Berking
Jun 30, 2011·The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine : Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy·Dounya Schoormans, Ivan Nyklíček
Jul 17, 2012·The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine : Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy·Alberto ChiesaAlessandro Serretti
Nov 23, 2011·The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine : Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy·Ivan NyklíčekWobbe P Zijlstra
Oct 17, 2012·The Gerontologist·Robin R WhitebirdChris J Enstad
May 16, 2012·Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience·Philippe GoldinJames J Gross
Jun 22, 2012·Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience·Natalie A PaulLihong Wang
Mar 5, 2011·Menopause : the Journal of the North American Menopause Society·James Francis CarmodyNicholas Olendzki
Oct 11, 2012·Cancer Nursing·Rebecca H Lehto, Gwen Wyatt
Aug 15, 2013·Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics·Hiske van RavesteijnAnne Speckens
Nov 10, 2011·BMC Psychiatry·Tobias M Glück, Andreas Maercker

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Epigenetics Insights from Twin Studies

Find the latest research on epigenetics and twin studies here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.