PMID: 208602Jul 6, 1978

The effect of mitochondrial energization on cytochrome c oxidase kinetics as measured at low temperatures. I. The reaction with carbon monoxide

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
H J Harmon, M Sharrock


The kinetics of CO binding by the cytochrome c oxidase of pigeon heart mitochondria were studied as a function of membrane energization at temperatures from 180 to 280 degrees K in an ethylene glycol/water medium. Samples energized by ATP showed acceleration of CO binding compared to those untreated or uncoupled by carbonylcyanide p-trifluoromethyoxyphenylhydrazone but only at relatively low temperatures and high CO concentrations. Experiments using samples in a "mixed valency" (partially oxidized) state showed that the acceleration of ligand binding is not due to the formation of a partially oxidized state via reverse electron transport. It is concluded that in the deenergized state one CO molecule can be closely associated with the cytochrome a3 heme site without actually being bound to the heme iron; in the energized state, two or more ligand molecules can occupy this intermediate position. The change in the apparent ligand capacity of a region near the heme iron in response to energization is evidence for an interaction between cytochrome oxidase and the ATPase system. Furthermore, these results suggest a control mechanism for O2 binding.


Apr 1, 1975·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·B ChanceJ S Leigh
Oct 31, 1974·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·P L Dutton, D F Wilson
Nov 17, 1972·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·M K Wikström


Dec 1, 1988·Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes·H J Harmon
Jan 1, 1988·Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology·H J Harmon
Dec 6, 1979·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·L C Petersen

Related Concepts

Carbon Monoxide
Cytochrome c Oxidase Subunit VIa
Energy Metabolism
Mitochondria, Heart
Columba livia
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.