The effect of non-isotonic solutions on human isolated airway smooth muscle

Respiration Physiology
M FinneyJ L Black


In patients with asthma, bronchoconstriction can be provoked by the inhalation of aerosols of non-isotonic solutions. In order to determine if this bronchoconstriction results from a direct effect on airway smooth muscle we decided to examine the effects of non-isotonic solutions on the resting tone of human isolated bronchi and on responses to carbachol, histamine and field stimulation. Human bronchi were obtained from thoracotomy and dose-response relationships for each agonist were obtained for bronchial rings suspended in isotonic Krebs-Henseleit solution (290 mOsm). A second curve was then obtained with half the rings immersed in a solution made hypotonic (145 mOsm) or hypertonic (440 mOsm) by the addition of NaCl or salts and glucose. The other half remained in isotonic solutions as controls. In a separate series of experiments, field stimulation responses to a submaximal frequency (15 Hz) were measured before and after a change from isotonic to non-isotonic bathing solution. The resting tone of the preparations was transiently reduced by hypertonic solutions and increased by hypotonic solutions. Contractile responses to agonists were significantly diminished by non-isotonic solutions. Agonist potency was unaffected by hy...Continue Reading


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