Nov 11, 2018

The Effect of Oral Tactile Sensitivity on Texture Perception and Mastication Behavior in Humans

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Grace E ShupeCurtis R Luckett

Abstract

Mastication behavior is a notable source of interindividual variation in texture perception and could be linked to oral sensitivity. As oral sensitivity declines so does the amount of tactile feedback relayed to the brain, resulting in less effective manipulation or food and a reduced ability to discriminate differences. To address these hypotheses, we measured masticatory behavior and related this to texture discrimination and oral sensitivity. The study was performed on 41 participants in two groups, with high (n = 20) or low (n=21) sensitivity. Oral sensitivity was measured using a battery of tests that included: oral stereognosis, lingual tactile acuity, and bite force sensitivity. Sensitivity to texture changes was measured using a series of triangle tests with confectionaries of different hardness, with masticatory patterns and behaviors being video recorded and analyzed using jaw tracking software. Overall, there was no significant difference between high and low sensitivity participants and their ability to distinguish texture changes. But, there were significantly different trends found between the groups based on their masticatory behaviors including chewing pattern and overall number of chews. But, it was found that ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Patterns
Lingual - Oral Site Descriptor
Food
Brain
Participant
Bite Force
Video Media
CD96 gene
Visual Acuity

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