Feb 26, 2003

The effect of oviductal epithelial cell co-culture during in vitro maturation on sow oocyte morphology, fertilization and embryo development

Theriogenology
A KidsonM M Bevers

Abstract

In vitro embryo production in the sow is challenged by poor cytoplasmic maturation, low sperm penetration and low normal fertilization, leading to the development of poor quality blastocysts containing a small number of nuclei. In prepubertal gilt oocytes, the presence of porcine oviductal epithelial cells (pOECs) during maturation increases cytoplasmic maturation and blastocyst development. These aspects, as well as blastocyst quality, may be improved when adult sow oocytes are matured with pOEC. Therefore, the effect of the presence of pOEC on sow oocyte morphology, fertilization and the progression of embryo development was evaluated. The pOEC were cultured in M199 for 18 h, then cultured in NCSU23 for 4 h before the oocytes were added. Oocytes from 2 to 6 mm follicles were matured in 500 microl NCSU23, with eCG and hCG, for 24 h, and then cultured with or without pOEC, in NCSU23 without hormones, for 18 h. In vitro fertilization took place in modified Tris-buffered medium, for 6 h, and the presumptive zygotes were then cultured for 162 h in NCSU23. Morphology of the IVM oocytes was compared to that of immature oocytes and in vivo matured MII oocytes from slaughtered sows in estrus. The in vitro matured oocytes had a greater...Continue Reading

  • References27
  • Citations27

References

  • References27
  • Citations27

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Embryo
Buffers
Coculture Techniques
Entire Embryo
Squamous Transitional Epithelial Cell Count
Science of Morphology
Fallopian Tubes
Tromethamine
Biologic Development
Cell Count

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