PMID: 2859948Jan 1, 1985

The effect of pH and/or calcium-enriched freshwater on gill Ca2+-ATPase activity and osmotic water inflow in rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri)

Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. A, Comparative Physiology
D B ParkerJ S Macdonald

Abstract

Rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) were exposed to pH 5.0-5.1, 6.6 and/or calcium-enriched freshwater for 14 days. Hematocrit, gill Ca2+-ATPase enzyme activities, gill osmotic water inflow, plasma calcium and osmolarity were measured. No significant changes in plasma calcium ion levels were found. The typical increase in hematocrit usually associated with exposure of fish to acidified water was not found in the present study and is discussed. Plasma osmolarity decreased in fish exposed to calcium-enriched freshwater (60 mg Ca2+ X 1(-1) ) in comparison to fish exposed to control freshwater conditions (2 mg Ca2+ X 1(1) ), irrespective of the pH level. Gill Ca2+-ATPase enzyme activities were measured for both low affinity (3 mM Ca2+) and high affinity (100 microM) activity. Exposure of rainbow trout to low pH (pH 5.0-5.1) did not affect the specific activity of Ca2+-ATPase enzyme. However, low affinity Ca2+-ATPase activity in fish exposed to calcium-enriched freshwater did show a significant reduction. The increase in gill osmotic water permeability in fish exposed to calcium-enriched freshwater is interpreted as a result of the increase in osmolarity of the ambient media.

References

Feb 5, 1976·Nature·H Leivestad, I P Muniz
Jan 1, 1979·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. B, Comparative Biochemistry·J C Fenwick
Apr 29, 1974·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·S W MaD H Copp
Jan 1, 1972·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. A, Comparative Physiology·R K Packer, W A Dunson
Jan 1, 1981·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. C: Comparative Pharmacology·R A LockA P van Overbeeke
Jun 1, 1982·Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology·D J Brown
May 1, 1981·The Journal of Experimental Zoology·P PayanP K Pang
Oct 1, 1977·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·G MilhaudA A Benson

Citations

May 1, 1992·Fish Physiology and Biochemistry·N Mayer-Gostan, R Naon
Jan 1, 1989·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. B, Comparative Biochemistry·M J Paul, C J Burdick
Mar 31, 2021·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology·Alex M ZimmerChris N Glover

Related Concepts

Ca(2+)-Transporting ATPase
Calcium
Gill Structure
Hematocrit Procedure
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Osmolality
Osmosis
Perfusion
Salvelinus

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