The effect of pioglitazone as add-on therapy to metformin or sulphonylurea compared to a fixed-dose combination of metformin and glibenclamide on diabetic dyslipidaemia

Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD
M ComaschiCOM06 Study Investigators

Abstract

Diabetic dyslipidaemia contributes to the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with Type 2 diabetes. This paper examines the effectiveness of adding pioglitazone to metformin or a sulphonylurea (SU) compared with a fixed-dose combination of metformin and glibenclamide on diabetic dyslipidaemia in patients with Type 2 diabetes. Patients (n=250) treated with metformin (< or =3g/day) or an SU as monotherapy at a stable dose for > or =3 months were randomised to receive either pioglitazone (15-30 mg/day) in addition to their metformin or SU, or a fixed-dose combination tablet containing metformin (400mg) and glibenclamide (2.5 mg) [up to 3 tablets daily] for 6 months. Addition of pioglitazone tended to increase plasma high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) [0.04 mmol/L; P=0.051] at 6 months and significantly reduced plasma triglycerides (-0.25 mmol/L; P=0.013) compared with baseline. Patients treated with metformin/glibenclamide for 6 months had reduced HDL-C (-0.09 mmol/L; P<0.01) and no change in plasma triglyceride levels (0.03 mmol/L; P=0.733). Both treatment regimes resulted in a similar level of glycaemic control. The beneficial effects of pioglitazone on diabetic dyslipidaemia may help combat the increa...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Pioglitazone hydrochloride
Blood Glucose
Epicholesterol
Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent
Drug Combinations
Polychemotherapy
Neogluconin
Hypoglycemic Effect
High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol
Cholesteryl Linoleate, LDL

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