PMID: 3394964Aug 1, 1988

The effect of pleural pressure on the hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstrictor response in closed chest dogs

Anesthesia and Analgesia
L ChenB E Marshall

Abstract

The effect of intrapleural pressure on the hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstrictor (HPV) responses to atelectasis and hypoxia were measured in two groups of anesthetized closed chest dogs. The right lung was continuously ventilated with 100% O2. The left lung was initially ventilated with 100% O2 (hyperoxia) but subsequently underwent either reabsorption atelectasis (atelectasis; group I) or ventilation with a hypoxic gas mixture (hypoxia; group II). The mean intrapleural pressure in the left hemithorax was 5.4 cm H2O during hyperoxia, but with left lung atelectasis decreased significantly to -3.8 cm H2O by 15 minutes and to -4.2 cm H2O by 90 minutes. Venous admixture (% VA) increased significantly from 10.3% during hyperoxia to 33.2% at 15 minutes of left lung atelectasis and to 34.6% at 90 minutes. However, after sternotomy with the left lung still atelectatic, the %VA decreased significantly to 25.4% For the hypoxia group, %VA increased significantly from 9.2% during hyperoxia to 29.9% at 15 minutes of left lung hypoxia and 25.1% at 90 minutes. HPV diverted blood flow away from both atelectatic lung and hypoxic lung. However, due to the negative intrapleural pressure generated during left lung resorption atelectasis when the chest...Continue Reading

Citations

Dec 1, 1992·Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia = Journal Canadien D'anesthésie·P SlingerW Triolet
Nov 7, 2006·The Journal of Surgical Research·Mathew D EdnickMikhail Kazachkov

Related Concepts

Compression Pulmonary Atelectasis
Canis familiaris
Lung
Dioxygen
Pulmonary Circulation
Pulmonary Venous Wedge Pressure
Vascular Constriction (Function)

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