PMID: 108286May 1, 1979

The effect of pneumatic tourniquets on the ultrastructure of skeletal muscle

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume
S Patterson, L Klenerman

Abstract

Experiments have been carried out on rhesus monkeys to determine the effect of the application of a pneumatic tourniquet on the ultrastructure of the muscles of the lower limb. Tourniquets were applied for periods lasting between one and five hours. The changes in the muscle lying immediately under the cuff of the tourniquet were more marked than those observed in muscle distal to the cuff. Three hours appears to be close to the limit of the time that a muscle can resist the sustained compression of a tourniquet.

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