Mar 1, 1976

The effect of propranolol on sympathetic nerve stimulation in isolated vasa deferentia

The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
I E Hughes, B Kneen


(+/-)-Propranolol hydrochloride (0.5 mg kg(-1) twice daily, subcutaneously, for 3 days or approximately 2.4 mg kg(-1) daily, orally, for 21 days) failed to produce ptosis or to affect responses to transmural stimulation of isolated vasa deferentia removed from treated mice. In guinea-pig isolated vasa deferentia responses to transmural stimulation through parallel electrodes were reduced by propranolol (1 to 20 mug ml(-1); blockade was concentration dependent, fast to equilibrium (45 min), easily reversed by washing but not reversed by (+)-amphetamine sulphate (0.2 mug ml(-1). At lower concentrations (0.04 and 0.2 mug ml(-1), propranolol marginally potentiated responses to transmural stimulation. In contrast, guanethidine (0.2 mug ml(-1)) produced a slow onset blockade which was completely reversed by (+)-amphetamine. The response to electrical stimulation through concentric ring electrodes was reduced by low concentrations of propranolol but this effect is ascribed to the known local anaesthetic actions of propranolol and no evidence of true adrenergic neuron blockade was found.

Mentioned in this Paper

Sympathetic Nervous System
Sympathetic Nerve Structure
Guanethidine Sulfate (2: 1), 14C-Labeled
Entire Sympathetic Nerve
Amphetamine Drug Class Measurement
Adrenergic Neurons

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