Apr 22, 1976

The effect of soluble rat liver proteins on the activity of microsomal stearoyl-CoA and linoleoyl-CoA desaturase

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
R JeffcoatA T James


1. The influence of bovine serum albumin and soluble rat liver proteins on the activity of rat liver microsomal delta9 and delta6 desaturases has been studied. 2. In the absence of bovine serum albumin, the delta9 desaturase which converts stearoyl-CoA into oleoyl-CoA, shows a non-linear correlation between enzyme activity and protein concentration. 3. Optimum concentrations of bovine serum albumin have three main effects on the enzyme activity: (i) establishes a linear relationship between enzyme activity and protein concentration, (ii) stimulates the enzyme activity 2--3-fold and (iii) raises the optimum substrate concentration from 10 to 100 muM. 4. A highly purified soluble liver protein of molecular weight 24 000 also stimulated the enzyme activity and brought about a linear relationship between enzyme activity and protein concentration. 5. It was concluded that the non-linear kinetics were due to limiting amounts of substrate binding protein in the microsomal preparations. 6. The delta6 desaturase which converts linoleoyl-CoA into gamma-linolenoyl-CoA was also stimulated by bovine serum albumin and soluble liver proteins. 7. The significance of the fatty acid-binding proteins is discussed.

Mentioned in this Paper

Stearic Acids
Acyl CoA Desaturases
Linoleoyl-CoA desaturase
Linoleic Acids
Microsomes, Liver
Binding Protein
Enzyme Activity

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