Jul 13, 2012

The effect of temperature and pH on the motility and viability of ostrich sperm

Animal Reproduction Science
Maud BonatoSchalk Cloete

Abstract

As the chemical environment of semen diluents can have a profound effect on sperm quality, we examined the effect of temperature and pH on the motility and viability of sperm in the ostrich. Semen was collected from four males, each male being replicated three times. Ejaculates were diluted and incubated for 10 min at 20°C and 40°C in four different buffers, temperature adjusted at pH 6, 7, 8 and 9 respectively. Average path velocity (VAP), curvilinear velocity (VCL), straight-line velocity (VSL), linearity (LIN), beat cross frequency (BCF) and amplitude of lateral displacement (ALH) were then recorded for each sample using CASA. The viability of sperm was assessed using nigrosin-eosin staining. Sperm incubated at 40°C had higher motility parameters, except for ALH. At 40°C, VAP, VSL and LIN increased with pH while VCL, BCF and ALH were higher for lower pHs. The viability of sperm was not affected by temperature but decreased at pH values>7. A pH in the neutral range appeared to yield higher quality sperm after in vitro storage at 20°C. However, the effect of different pH levels and temperatures on sperm longevity needs to be investigated further to develop viable ostrich specific diluents.

Mentioned in this Paper

Fertility
Metabolic Process, Cellular
Buffers
Seminal Fluid
Wandering Spleen
Animal Oviduct
Calcium
Cell Motility
Fallopian Tubes
Infertility Study

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.