PMID: 55439Feb 1, 1976

The effect of thiols on the immunologic release of slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis. II. Other in vitro and in vivo models

The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
R P Orange, E G Moore

Abstract

In the presence of L-cysteine, a selective and marked enhancement of the in vitro, immunologic release of slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A) from human peripheral leukocytes, sensitized monkey lung fragments, and sensitized guinea pig lung fragments was observed. In the rat, cysteine, but not sodium sulfide, enhanced the calcium ionophore (A23187)- induced release of SRS-A in vitro from mixed rat peritoneal cells and in vivo from the rat peritoneal cavity. Pretreatment of rats with cysteine also enhanced the IgGa-and anti-rat IgE-mediated release of SRS-A in vivo in the rat. These studies indicate a common biochemical mechanism involved in the formation and release of SRS-A from these different tissues and cells and further confirm the observation that the rat mast cell is not a major source of SRS-A in the rat.

Related Concepts

Lung
Gastroschisis
Leukocytes
Immunoglobulin E
Anaphylaxis
Macaca fascicularis
Anthropoidea
Peritoneal Fluid (Body Substance)
Histamine Release
SRS-A

Related Feeds

Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death.