Jul 1, 1975

The effect of tryptophan administration on fatty acid synthesis in the livers of rats under various nutritional conditions

Journal of Biochemistry
S MiyazawaT Hashimoto

Abstract

1. Tryptophan was administered to rats under various nutritional conditions: fasted for 24 hr, fasted and refed with glucose or corn-oil, fasted and administered glycerol intramuscularly, and nonfasted. 2. The changes in the contents of glycolytic intermediates in the livers indicated that the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase [EC 4.1.1.32] reaction is inhibited by tryptophan administration in all groups of rats. The inversely related changes in the contents of malate and phosphoenolpyruvate were associated with the accumulation of quinolinate in the livers. The content of quinolinate which exhibited the half-maximal effect on the contents of both metabolites was 0.1-0.2 mumole per g liver. 3. The rate of incorporation of 3H from 3H2O into the total hepatic fatty acids was increased about 2-fold by the administration of this amino acid to the fasted rats. The enhancement of the rate was closely related to the increase in the citrate content. The hyperlipogenesis was also related to the decrease of acetyl-CoA and the increase of malonyl-CoA. The content of long-chain acyl-CoA was not affected. These effects of tryptophan administration on the hepatic fatty acid metabolism were found in all groups of rats. The liver content of gl...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Quinolinic Acids
Tryptophan
Glycerin
Gluconeogenesis
Acetyl Coenzyme A
Lyase
Hepatic
Citrate Measurement
Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxylase
Lactates

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