PMID: 787618Aug 1, 1976Paper

The effect of uremia and transplantation on lymphocyte subpopulations

Kidney International
L J QuadracciM Krzymanski

Abstract

The in vitro immune response of uremic and transplanted patients was studied by determining lymphocyte surface and functional markers. Because of lymphopenia, the absolute number of T and B cells are diminished in uremia and transplantation. The uremic state had a profound effect of T cell mitogenic response, while the relative number (%) of T cells was not reduced. B cell responses and relative numbers were significantly diminished. The early posttransplant period was associated with a significant reduction in both T and B cell response and relative numbers. All indexes returned toward normal late in the posttransplant course with reduction of immunosuppression and cessation of the uremic state. Horse anti-human lymphocyte globulin treatment caused a significant reduction in T cells and an increase in B cells. Prednisone therapy did not appear to influence the relative number of the lymphocyte subpopulation but did reduce the mitogenic responses. Changes in surface or functional markers did not prove useful in predicting rejection episodes in transplanted patients.

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