The effects of anti-asthma drugs on mediator release from cultured human mast cells

Clinical and Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
M ShichijoHiroichi Nagai

Abstract

A method for generating human mast cells in vitro was recently established. Little is known about the pharmacological profiles of allergic mediator release from cultured mast cells. The main objective was to investigate the nature of cultured mast cells from a pharmacological point of view. We examined the effect of anti-asthma drugs on the release of histamine, sulfidoleukotrienes (LTs) and prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) from the cultured mast cells. Using the method established by Saito et al. we cultured cord blood mononuclear cells in the presence of 80 ng/mL stem cell factor (SCF), 50 ng/mL interleukin-6 (IL-6) and 300 nmol/L prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and obtained almost pure (> 99%) mast cells. We sensitized cultured mast cells with immunoglobulin E (IgE)-rich serum, and then treated them with some anti-asthma drugs before challenge with anti-human IgE. Released histamine, LTs and PGD2 were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography, commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and enzyme immunoassay (EIA) systems, respectively. The cultured mast cells released histamine, LTs and PGD2 following immunological stimulation through IgE. The mast cell stabilizing agents disodium cromoglycate (DSCG, 1 mmol/L) and azelas...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Procedure
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Histamine Release
Peroxidase-Antiperoxidase Complex Technique
Mast Cell
Prostaglandin D2
Leukotrienes
Inflammation Mediators
Anti-Asthmatic Agents

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