The Effects of Cropping Regimes on Fungal and Bacterial Communities of Wheat and Faba Bean in a Greenhouse Pot Experiment Differ between Plant Species and Compartment

Frontiers in Microbiology
Sandra GranzowFranziska Wemheuer

Abstract

Many bacteria and fungi in the plant rhizosphere and endosphere are beneficial to plant nutrient acquisition, health, and growth. Although playing essential roles in ecosystem functioning, our knowledge about the effects of multiple cropping regimes on the plant microbiome and their interactions is still limited. Here, we designed a pot experiment simulating different cropping regimes. For this purpose, wheat and faba bean plants were grown under controlled greenhouse conditions in monocultures and in two intercropping regimes: row and mixed intercropping. Bacterial and fungal communities in bulk and rhizosphere soils as well as in the roots and aerial plant parts were analyzed using large-scale metabarcoding. We detected differences in microbial richness and diversity between the cropping regimes. Generally, observed effects were attributed to differences between mixed and row intercropping or mixed intercropping and monoculture. Bacterial and fungal diversity were significantly higher in bulk soil samples of wheat and faba bean grown in mixed compared to row intercropping. Moreover, microbial communities varied between crop species and plant compartments resulting in different responses of these communities toward cropping re...Continue Reading

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Citations

Sep 15, 2017·Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition·Lindsey Rodhouse, Franck Carbonero
Jun 9, 2019·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Jennifer E SchmidtAmélie C M Gaudin
Dec 6, 2019·Frontiers in Microbiology·Vanessa Nessner KavamuraTim H Mauchline
Sep 26, 2019·Frontiers in Microbiology·Gabriele SchiroMarina E H Müller
Feb 23, 2020·Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology·Peilin ChenShihua Shen
Nov 20, 2019·Scientific Reports·Anthony HornerRachael E Antwis
Dec 20, 2020·The Science of the Total Environment·Meike A C LatzHans Jørgen Lyngs Jørgensen
Jul 16, 2019·The Science of the Total Environment·Chetan KeswaniHarikesh B Singh
Mar 2, 2021·Frontiers in Microbiology·Ayooluwa J BolajiMark F Belmonte
Jun 23, 2021·Environmental Microbiome·Samuel Mm PrudenceMatthew I Hutchings

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Datasets Mentioned

BETA
SRA419369

Methods Mentioned

BETA
electrophoresis
PCR
PCRs
environmental stresses

Software Mentioned

Usearch
IndicSpecies
Trimmomatic
BLAST
vegan
PERMANOVA
IMPAC
drc
R
QIIME

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