PMID: 4888307May 1, 1969Paper

The effects of endotoxin on vascular endothelium

The Journal of Experimental Medicine
J M McGrath, G J Stewart


This study was undertaken to develop a technique for the preparation of sheets of endothelial cells and to investigate the effects of bacterial endotoxin on large numbers of cells from continuous sheets of vascular endothelium. Rabbits were divided into one control and two experimental groups. The experimental animals received intracardially an LD(50) dose of Escherichia coli endotoxin. 1 and 24 hr postinjection, the vessels of the animals were perfused with glutaraldehyde in Millonig's buffer with methylene blue as a marker. Pieces of mesentery containing arteries were postfixed in buffered glutaraldehyde, dehydrated, and placed in acetone (to remove fat deposits). The surrounding connective tissue was stripped from the mesenteric arteries, and segments of the vessels were slit longitudinally, flattened out, and firmly affixed to a sheet of cork with fine mounting pins. A 3% solution of Formvar in ethylene dichloride was pipetted onto the luminal surfaces of the vessels. The endothelial cells were impregnated with and adhered to the Formvar and, after soaking overnight in 10 N NaOH, could be stripped from the vessel walls as monolayers. Sheets of Formvar-impregnated cells were temporarily mounted on glass slides in aqueous met...Continue Reading


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