The effects of LPS on the cellular composition of the splenic white pulp in responder C3H/He and non-responder C3H/HeJ mice

Virchows Archiv. B, Cell Pathology Including Molecular Pathology
P H GroeneveldN van Rooijen

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of LPS on the cellular composition of the splenic white pulp in responder C3H/He and non-responder C3H/HeJ mice. The present results show that an intravenous injection of LPS in C3H/He mice results in a number of prominent changes in the histology of the spleen, but none of these histological changes could be demonstrated in the unresponsive C3H/HeJ mice. However, the present study shows that LPS administration resulted in the disappearance of previously trapped immune complexes from the follicles in both responder C3H/He and non-responder C3H/HeJ mice. The significance of this phenomenon is discussed. The localization of intravenously injected LPS in both mouse strains was compared using an immunoperoxidase technique. Most of the injected LPS was taken up by marginal zone macrophages at 2 h after administration. No major differences could be detected in the localization pattern of LPS between C3H/He and C3H/HeJ mice. The present results support the suggestion that the genetically based unresponsiveness of C3H/HeJ mice could be due to an intracellular defect in their response to LPS.

References

Jul 1, 1978·Infection and Immunity·D L PeavyD M Musher
Jan 1, 1977·Infection and Immunity·S Kabir, D L Rosenstreich
Jan 1, 1979·Advances in Immunology·D C Morrison, J L Ryan
Jan 1, 1985·Virchows Archiv. B, Cell Pathology Including Molecular Pathology·P H Groeneveld, N van Rooijen
Jul 1, 1982·Cellular Immunology·G D'AgostaroG Doria
Jan 1, 1981·Contemporary Topics in Molecular Immunology·D C Morrison, J A Rudbach

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Immune complex
Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases
Drug Resistance
Cytochemistry
Lipopolysaccharides
Macrophage
Mice, Inbred Strains
Mice, Mutant Strains
Spleen

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.