The effects of mindfulness training on weight-loss and health-related behaviours in adults with overweight and obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Alexis RuffaultCécile Flahault

Abstract

The aim of this study was to conduct a comprehensive quantitative synthesis of the effects of mindfulness training interventions on weight-loss and health behaviours in adults with overweight and obesity using meta-analytic techniques. Studies included in the analysis (k=12) were randomised controlled trials investigating the effects of any form of mindfulness training on weight loss, impulsive eating, binge eating, or physical activity participation in adults with overweight and obesity. Random effects meta-analysis revealed that mindfulness training had no significant effect on weight loss, but an overall negative effect on impulsive eating (d=-1.13) and binge eating (d=-.90), and a positive effect on physical activity levels (d=.42). Meta-regression analysis showed that methodological features of included studies accounted for 100% of statistical heterogeneity of the effects of mindfulness training on weight loss (R2=1,00). Among methodological features, the only significant predictor of weight loss was follow-up distance from post-intervention (β=1.18; p<.05), suggesting that the longer follow-up distances were associated with greater weight loss. Results suggest that mindfulness training has short-term benefits on health-r...Continue Reading

References

Jan 1, 1985·Journal of Psychosomatic Research·A J Stunkard, S Messick
Feb 28, 1995·Statistics in Medicine·C S BerkeyG A Colditz
Dec 1, 1993·Archives of General Psychiatry·M M LinehanH E Armstrong
Jul 24, 2001·International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·M de Zwaan
Oct 2, 2002·International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·L K G HsuS Roberts
Apr 22, 2003·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Kirk Warren Brown, Richard M Ryan
Jul 1, 2004·Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews·Sharon Dawe, Natalie J Loxton
Sep 30, 2004·Personality and Social Psychology Review : an Official Journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc·Fritz Strack, Roland Deutsch
Nov 23, 2005·Behaviour Research and Therapy·Steven C HayesJason Lillis
Jun 20, 2006·Appetite·Chantal NederkoornAnita Jansen
Feb 24, 2007·Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·A J Hill
Apr 19, 2007·Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin·Nikos L D Chatzisarantis, Martin S Hagger
Sep 18, 2007·Nutrition·Susan J Torres, Caryl A Nowson
Mar 3, 2009·Annals of Behavioral Medicine : a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine·Jason LillisAkihiko Masuda
Jul 28, 2009·Complementary Therapies in Medicine·Shane McIverMichael McGartland
Sep 12, 2009·Behavioural Processes·Erin B RasmussenWilliam Reilly
Apr 20, 2010·Patient Education and Counseling·Olivia MobbsMartial Van der Linden
Dec 28, 2010·Journal of American College Health : J of ACH·Kimberly C Roberts, Sharon Danoff-Burg
Jun 17, 2011·Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·R J JosephG L Blackburn
Oct 20, 2011·BMJ : British Medical Journal·Julian P T HigginsUNKNOWN Cochrane Statistical Methods Group
Dec 14, 2011·Physiology & Behavior·Marc-Andre CornierJason R Tregellas
Dec 15, 2011·Appetite·Lisa M GroeszElissa Epel
Jan 1, 2012·Obesity Research & Clinical Practice·Sandra WeinelandJoanne Dahl
Feb 8, 2014·Appetite·Julien LacailleBärbel Knäuper
Feb 21, 2014·BMC Health Services Research·Emma BrookCampbell Thompson
Mar 19, 2014·Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·G A O'ReillyD S Black
Apr 26, 2014·Annals of Behavioral Medicine : a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine·Wilhelm Hofmann, Simone Dohle
Nov 12, 2014·Frontiers in Psychology·Daniel B LevinsonRichard J Davidson
Dec 30, 2014·Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases : Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery·Ryan J MarekLeslie J Heinberg
Feb 20, 2015·The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine : Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy·Jeffrey M GreesonRuth Quillian Wolever

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Nov 24, 2018·Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·J SchneiderP Lattimore
Dec 28, 2018·The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism·Marissa Black
Feb 15, 2019·Psychological Science in the Public Interest : a Journal of the American Psychological Society·Angela L DuckworthDavid Laibson
Feb 28, 2018·The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity·Elina Järvelä-ReijonenMarjukka Kolehmainen
Dec 12, 2018·Annual Review of Clinical Psychology·Joseph WielgoszRichard J Davidson
Jun 4, 2019·Work : a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation·Lara G HiltonSusanne Hempel
Aug 2, 2019·Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·Ruben Fuentes ArtilesNicole Bender
Mar 18, 2020·Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·Emma R LawlorAmy L Ahern
Sep 26, 2020·Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology·Edna M Sant'AnnaFernando M Reis
Nov 2, 2019·The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society·R James StubbsJoanna Michalowska
Jun 4, 2020·Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism·Petra HansonThomas M Barber
Mar 12, 2020·Frontiers in Psychology·Marcelo Bigliassi, Romulo Bertuzzi
Jun 11, 2020·Pilot and Feasibility Studies·Elizabeth W CotterNazrat M Mirza
Aug 17, 2018·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Jacob D MeyerBruce P Barrett
Jul 18, 2018·Global Advances in Health and Medicine : Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide·Emma Chad-FriedmanMichelle L Dossett
Dec 21, 2019·Annals of Behavioral Medicine : a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine·Arielle S Gillman, Angela D Bryan
Jan 28, 2021·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Siti Munirah Abdul BasirSuzana Shahar
Jan 19, 2021·Clinical Endocrinology·Thomas M Barber, Stephen Franks
Jan 4, 2021·Obesity Research & Clinical Practice·Marvin Wei Jie Chua
Dec 10, 2020·International Journal of Mental Health Systems·C EeJ Sarris
Mar 16, 2021·Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes·Angela L Duckworth, James J Gross
Mar 24, 2021·Nursing Management·Robert Davies
Apr 10, 2019·L'Encéphale·S Julien SweertsL Romo
Apr 23, 2021·British Medical Bulletin·Dexing ZhangSamuel Y S Wong
Mar 1, 2020·Mindfulness·Leticia RibeiroMichael S Christopher
Jul 13, 2021·The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine : Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy·Yan MaGloria Y Yeh
Aug 12, 2021·Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·Laurie K TwellsDave Pace
Sep 2, 2021·Eating and Weight Disorders : EWD·Natalie G KeirnsMisty A W Hawkins

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.