The effects of neuropeptide Y on myocardial contractility and coronary blood flow

British Journal of Pharmacology
S J AwadD P Richardson


1. This study was designed to assess the effects of exogenous neuropeptide Y (NPY) on cardiac contractility and coronary blood flow (CBF) in anaesthetized dogs and to evaluate the effect of NPY on the responses to sympathetic and parasympathetic stimulation and to inotropic agents. 2. Bolus doses of NPY (500 micrograms), administered via the femoral vein, increased mean arterial pressure. The pressor effect was associated with reductions in heart rate, CBF and cardiac contractility. 3. The effects of NPY (500 micrograms) on contractility and CBF were compared with that of vasopressin (VP) (1 unit). For similar reductions in CBF, NPY and VP had similar negative inotropic effects. Thus, it is likely that the negative inotropic response to NPY is not due to a direct effect of NPY on the heart muscle but is largely due to coronary vasoconstriction. 4. In the presence of NPY (500 micrograms, i.v.), there was an inhibition of the positive inotropic response to stimulation of the left cardiac sympathetic nerve (2 or 5 Hz, 0.05 ms). NPY also inhibited the negative inotropic response and chronotropic response to vagal stimulation (2, 3 or 5 Hz, 0.05 ms). 5. Dose-response curves were obtained for the inotropic, chronotropic and pressor r...Continue Reading


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