The effects of polygenic risk for psychiatric disorders and smoking behaviour on psychotic experiences in UK Biobank

MedRxiv : the Preprint Server for Health Sciences
J. Garcia-GonzalezR. Keers

Abstract

While psychotic experiences are core symptoms of mental health disorders like schizophrenia, they are also reported by 5-10% of the population. Both smoking behaviour and genetic risk for psychiatric disorders have been associated with psychotic experiences, but the interplay between these factors remains poorly understood. We tested whether smoking status, maternal smoking around birth, and number of packs smoked/year were associated with lifetime occurrence of three psychotic experiences phenotypes: delusions (n=2067), hallucinations (n=6689), and any psychotic experience (delusions or hallucinations; n=7803) in 144818 UK Biobank participants. We next calculated polygenic risk scores for schizophrenia (PRSSCZ), major depression (PRSDEP) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (PRSADHD) in the UK Biobank participants to assess whether association between smoking and psychotic experiences was attenuated after adjustment of diagnosis of psychiatric disorders and the PRSs. Finally, we investigated whether smoking exacerbates the effects of genetic predisposition on the psychotic phenotypes in gene-environment interaction models. Smoking status, maternal smoking, and number of packs smoked/year were significantly associated w...Continue Reading

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