PMID: 108230May 1, 1979

The effects of short-term experimental strabismus on the visual system in Macaca mulatta

Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
M L Crawford, G K von Noorden


Experimental esotropia was produced surgically in infant rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) for brief periods of time. Electrophysiological studies of the visual cortex showed that esotropia of only 2 weeks duration in an infant monkey is sufficient to cause a marked shift of dominance in favor of the fixating eye and to virtually extinguish cortical neuronal responses from the esotropic eye. In the lateral geniculate nucleus cell (LGN), shrinkage of 6% to 8% occurred in the parvocellular layers connected with the esotropic eye, the magnocellular layers showing no changes. After the fixating eye had been sutured for 3 weeks, a complete reversal of the cortical physiology in favor of the esotropic eye occurred, whereas no recovery in cell size was observed in the LGN. Surgical realignment of an esotropic eye caused recovery of cortical neuronal responses from the formerly esotropic eye, but the number of binocularly responsive cells remained reduced.

Related Concepts

Hemispheric Specialization
Structure of Geniculate Ganglion
Macaca mulatta
Strabismus, Noncomitant
Visual Cortex
Visual Perception

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.