The effects of thyrotropin-releasing hormone on the endocrine pancreas

Endocrinology
J E MorleyJ M Hershman

Abstract

TRH has been shown to be present in the pancreas. To examine a possible role for TRH in the control of endocrine pancreatic function, we have studied the effects of TRH on the isolated perfused rat pancreas preparation. Arginine caused release of TRH from the preparation. The mean maximum TRH peak was 85 +/- 12 pg/ml and occurred later than the first phase of glucagon release. Glucagon (2000 pg/ml) did not release TRH from the preparation. There was no detectable basal release of TRH. Glucose did not stimulate release of TRH from the pancreas preparation. TRH (10 ng/ml) by itself had no effect on insulin or glucagon release. TRH enhanced arginine-induced glucagon release; mean summated glucagon was 8228 +/- 1138 (SE) pg/ml compared to controls (4530 +/- 447 pg/ml; P less than 0.01). There was a tendency for TRH to enhance second phase glucose-induced insulin release. Pancreatic physiology is in part regulated by locally acting hormones and TRH may be one of these hormones.

Citations

Mar 26, 1981·European Journal of Pharmacology·J E MorleyJ M Hershman
Jul 21, 1980·Life Sciences·J E Morley, A S Levine
Jun 30, 1980·Life Sciences·J E MorleyJ M Hershman
Jan 21, 1982·The New England Journal of Medicine·I M Jackson
Jun 1, 1985·Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology·A S Suhonen-MalmT Larmi
Aug 30, 1983·Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications·M MoriS Githens
Oct 26, 1999·Endocrine Reviews·E A Nillni, K A Sevarino

Related Concepts

Arginine hydrochloride
Glucagon
Novolin
Islets of Langerhans
Perfusion
Proterelin Tartrate Hydrate

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

The Tendon Seed Network

Tendons are rich in the extracellular matrix and are abundant throughout the body providing essential roles including structure and mobility. The transcriptome of tendons is being compiled to understand the micro-anatomical functioning of tendons. Discover the latest research pertaining to the Tendon Seed Network here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Incretins

Incretins are metabolic hormones that stimulate a decrease in glucose levels in the blood and they have been implicated in glycemic regulation in the remission phase of type 1 diabetes. Here is the latest research.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Long COVID-19

“Long Covid-19” describes illness in patients who are reporting long-lasting effects of the SARS-CoV-19 infection, often long after they have recovered from acute Covid-19. Ongoing health issues often reported include low exercise tolerance and breathing difficulties, chronic tiredness, and mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. This feed follows the latest research into Long Covid.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.